The Colours of the Rainbow

A rainbow has many colours.

The 7 traditional colours of a rainbow are:

  • red
  • orange
  • yellow
  • green
  • blue
  • indigo
  • violet

How can I remember the order of the colours of the rainbow?

When I was at school here in New Zealand, we were taught an acronym to help us remember the order of the colours of a rainbow.
An acronym is an abbreviation formed from the initial letters of a group of words and pronounced as one word.

For example: UFO is an acronym. It is a short way of saying Unidentified Flying Object.

To remember the order of the colours of a rainbow we use the acronym ROY G BIV.

ROY G BIV contains the first letter of each colour:
Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet.

How can I remember the acronym ROY G BIV?

You think of: ROY Got Bored In Vegas.
Or some teachers use: Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain.

So, what are the colours of a rainbow?
Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Indigo, Violet.

Summary Chart

Colours of a Rainbow and the acronym ROYGBIV.

Lesson tags: Acronyms, Colours, Weather
Back to: Science > Planet Earth